When 12 all-India March records were broken in a week

The past week has been abnormally hot across the country, with extreme temperature anomalies of up to 15°C above normal in the Himalayan states, and up to 10°C above normal in the plains of northern India.

An earlier than usual development of the anticyclonic circulation over the sub-continental landmass caused one of the earliest and strongest heatwaves in India in recent times. Last week was abnormally hot across the country with extreme temperature anomalies up to 15°C above normal in the Himalayan states, up to 10°C above normal in the lowlands of northern India, while the temperature was above normal by 5 to 10°C. in other parts of the country, including central and western India, from March 13 to 19.

The reason for the prolonged and unusual mid-March heat wave over India can be attributed to the development of anticyclonic circulation over western India, leading to a reversal in wind direction as well as a decrease the moisture content of the atmosphere. Additionally, the absence of western disturbances in the Himalayan region led to cloudless skies in general. Dry, hot winds from the anticyclonic circulation and increased UV radiation are heating the land very quickly – both of these factors have played a key role in the rapid rise in maximum temperatures to record highs from the Himalayas to Telangana and from Gujarat to Arunachal Pradesh.

Over the past week, at pan-India level, around 12 all-time records have been broken for the month of March. These are the new highest maximum temperatures on record since 1901:

• Dharamshala recorded a maximum temperature of 32.2°C on March 16, 2022. The previous record of 31.6°C on March 29, 2010 has been broken.

• Bhaderwah recorded a maximum temperature of 31.3°C on March 17, 2022. The previous record of 30.4°C on March 16, 2022 and 30.0°C on March 31, 2018 has been broken.

• Manali recorded a maximum temperature of 27.5°C on March 17, 2022. The previous record of 27.0°C on March 21, 1974 has been broken.

• Batote recorded a maximum temperature of 28.3°C on March 17, 2022. The previous record of 27.0°C on March 30, 2018, March 31, 2017 and March 20, 2010 was broken.

• Katra recorded a maximum temperature of 34.2°C on March 17, 2022. The previous record of 33.7°C on March 30, 2018 was broken.

• Shimla recorded a minimum temperature of 18.0°C on March 17, 2022. The previous highest minimum temperature on record in March of 16.5°C was exceeded.

• Jaisalmer recorded a maximum temperature of 42.7°C on March 17, 2022. This matches the all-time high of 42.7°C on March 31, 2018.

• Jodhpur recorded a maximum temperature of 41.6°C on March 17, 2022, matching the all-time high of 41.6°C on March 31, 1984.

• Nalgonda recorded a maximum temperature of 43.5°C on March 17, 2022; this corresponded to the all-time high of 43.5°C on March 29, 1996.

• Qazi Gund recorded a maximum temperature of 27.8°C on March 18, 2022; the previous record of 27.0°C on March 31, 2018 has been broken.

• Pahalgam recorded a maximum temperature of 24.3°C on March 18, 2022; the previous record of 23.9°C of March 30, 2018 has been broken.

• Dibrugarh recorded a maximum temperature of 35.2°C on March 18, 2022; the previous record of 34.7°C on March 15, 2021 has been broken.

Here is a list of non-ATR records that were broken in the past week:

• Banihal recorded a maximum temperature of 28.0°C on March 14, 2022, the highest since 2007. The all-time high of 29.0°C was recorded on March 30, 2007.

• Cherrapunji recorded a maximum temperature of 29.8°C on March 14, 2022, the highest at least since 2012. The absolute record is 30.6°C on March 2, 1913.

• Passighat recorded a maximum temperature of 34.7°C on March 14, 2022, the highest since 2015. The absolute record is 36.4°C on March 24 and 25, 2015.

• Ratnagiri recorded a maximum temperature of 40.2°C on March 14, 2022; highest since 2011. The historical record is 40.6°C on March 17, 2011 and March 29, 1982.

• North Lakhimpur recorded a maximum temperature of 35.7°C on March 15, 2022, the highest since 2015. The all-time high was 36.4°C on March 23, 2015.

• Jorhat recorded a maximum temperature of 33.5°C on March 15, 2022, the highest at least since 2012. The absolute record is 34.7°C on March 20, 2010.

• Itanagar recorded a maximum temperature of 36.0°C on March 15, 2022, the highest at least since 2012. The absolute record is not available.

• Bhuntar recorded a maximum temperature of 32.7°C on March 16, 2022, the second highest in March since recording began. The absolute record is 32.9°C on March 30, 2017.

• Solan recorded a maximum temperature of 32.5°C on March 16, 2022. The absolute record is 33.0°C on March 30, 2021.

• Kalpa recorded a maximum temperature of 23.6°C on March 17, 2022, the highest since 2010. The absolute record is 22.4°C on March 20, 2010.

• Shimla recorded a maximum temperature of 26.3°C on March 17, 2022, the highest since 2004. The all-time high was 27.2°C on March 27, 2004.

• Gulmarg recorded a maximum temperature of 17.0°C on March 17, 2022, the highest since 2018. The all-time high was 19.0°C on March 19, 2010.

• Kupwara recorded a maximum temperature of 28.6°C on March 17, 2022, the highest since 2018. The absolute record is 29.2°C on March 30, 2018.

• Kokernag recorded a maximum temperature of 26.1°C on March 18, 2022, the highest at least since 2012. The absolute record is 29.2°C on March 26, 2001.

• Srinagar recorded a maximum temperature of 27.4°C on March 18, 2022, the highest since 2018. The all-time high was 28.3°C on March 31, 2018.

• Jalpaiguri recorded a maximum temperature of 36.4°C on March 18, 2022, the highest at least since 2012. The absolute record is 37.3°C on March 11, 1964.

• Cooch Behar recorded a maximum temperature of 36.0°C on March 18, 2022, the highest at least since 2012. The absolute record is 37.3°C on March 29, 1958.

• Gangtok recorded a maximum temperature of 24.2°C on March 18, 2022, the highest at least since 2012. The all-time high was 27.6°C on March 26, 1976.

Detailed weather forecast by region until March 26

North India

Synopsis of Significant Time

• Two weak western disturbances over the Himalayas on March 20 and March 23-24.

• Dry westerly winds in the plains of northern India.

Under the influence of weak western disturbances on March 20, 23 and 24, various parts of Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan and higher parts of Himachal Pradesh are expected to receive light to moderate rainfall accompanied by thunderstorms. Limited peaks may receive moderate snowfall during this time; parts of Uttarakhand might not be affected by any of these western disturbances. Maximum temperatures are expected to drop from record lows but are likely to remain above normal 3-8C into next week.

Under the influence of dry and hot westerly winds, there will be no significant weather changes over Punjab, Haryana, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan. Clear skies and surface winds of 10 to 20 km/h are expected this week; temperature changes will be minimal, therefore minimum and maximum temperatures are expected to remain above normal 3-8°C throughout the next week.

Minimum and maximum temperatures forecast until March 26

• Punjab: 18.0 to 23.0°C, 33.0 to 37.0°C.

• Haryana: 17.0 to 24.0°C, 34.0 to 40.0°C.

• Rajasthan: 22.0 to 27.0°C, 37.0 to 42.0°C.

• Delhi NCR: 19.0 to 22.0°C, 35.0 to 38.0°C.

• Uttar Pradesh: 19.0 to 24.0°C, 34.0 to 39.0°C.

Central India

Synopsis of Significant Time

• Dry north/west winds throughout the next week.

There will be no significant change in weather conditions over central and western India. Following the trend of the previous week, most parts of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh will continue to reel in dry and hot weather as well as heat wave conditions. Earlier in the week, there will be a slight drop in the maximum temperature in the region due to northerly winds, but later in the week it will begin to rise again, so the minimum and maximum temperatures are expected to remain at 2 6°C above normal. next week.

Minimum and maximum temperatures forecast until March 26

• Gujarat: 22.0 to 28.0°C, 37.0 to 42.0°C.

• Maharashtra: 21.0 to 27.0°C, 35.0 to 42.0°C.

• Madhya Pradesh: 19.0 to 25.0°C, 34.0 to 40.0°C.

• Chhattisgarh: 21.0 to 27.0°C, 35.0 to 40.0°C.

Eastern India

Synopsis of Significant Time

• Dry and hot westerly/southwesterly winds in eastern India.

• Southerly winds which bring moisture to northeast India.

Under the influence of warm westerly winds, warm clear weather is expected to continue in Bihar, Jharkhand, Odisha and West Bengal throughout this week; the region could experience higher temperatures this week compared to last week. Minimum and maximum temperatures are expected to remain 2-6°C above normal through March 26.

Northeastern India is expected to experience mostly dry and hot weather early in the week. A well marked low pressure area is present in the Bay of Bengal and after a prolonged period of record heat, rains and thunderstorms are expected to begin over Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Manipur from March 23.

Minimum and maximum temperatures forecast until March 26

• Bihar: 20 to 25.0°C, 33.0 to 38.0°C.

• Jharkhand: 21.0 to 26.0°C, 35.0 to 41.0°C.

• West Bengal: 22.0 to 27.0°C, 35.0 to 39.0°C.

• Odisha: 23.0 to 29.0°C, 37.0 to 42.0°C.

• North East India: 15.0 to 21.0°C, 22.0 to 28.0°C.

South India

Synopsis of Significant Time

• Strengthening of the Lower Level Wind Discontinuity (LWD) over Kerala.

As the Bay of Bengal low pressure area intensifies into a deep depression in the next 24 hours, it will absorb moisture from the southern peninsula, causing daytime temperatures to rise in Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu this week. Even coastal regions could experience a rise of up to 40°C. Clear skies and warm winds are expected in Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.

On the other hand, due to LWD, convective clouds are expected to develop in the evening over many parts of the coast, interior Karnataka, Kerala and adjoining areas of western Tamil Nadu. The days will be hot and humid in the region, followed by thunderstorms accompanied by lightning in the evening, commonly known as “mango showers” in the region. Sometimes they are also very intense.

Minimum and maximum temperatures forecast until March 26

• Telangane: 23.0 to 28.0°C, 37.0 to 43.0°C.

• Andhra Pradesh: 24.0 to 29.0°C, 35.0 to 40.0°C.

• Goa: 24.0 to 27.0°C, 34.0 to 35.0°C.

• Karnataka: 23.0 to 27.0°C, 34.0 to 39.0°C.

• Tamil Nadu: 24.0 to 28.0°C, 35.0 to 41.0°C.

• Kerala: 23.0 to 28.0°C, 34.0 to 38.0°C.

The author, better known as Rohtak Weatherman, interprets and explains complex weather patterns. His @navdeepdahiya55 impact based predictions are very popular in North India.

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